Antidepressants and dental implant failure: What you need to know

Looking down on a group of open prescription bottles with assorted pills closeup horizontal composition shallow depth of fieldWhen patients are considering whether dental implant placement may be right for them, there are many factors to consider. Now the use of antidepressants takes on even more importance on this list.

According to a study released this spring from the University at Buffalo School of Dental Medicine, antidepressants are linked to dental implant failure. While SSRIs — selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors — help to manage mood and emotions, one side effect is the decrease in regulation of bone metabolism. This directly impacts the success or failure of a dental implant, as new bone must form around the implant to secure it in place. The research found the use of antidpressants increased the odds of implant failure by four times. Each year of antidpressant use doubled the odds that dental implant failure would occur. Considering that 11 percent of Americans age 12 and older take antidepressants — and that more than half of those individuals have taken them for two or more years — it’s an issue that can and will come up when considering whether to get dental implants.

Other side effects associated with antidepressants that stand to impact the healing process after a dental implant is placed include:

  • osteoporosis (when bones become brittle and are more susceptible to fracture);
  • dry mouth; and
  • akathisia (disorder characterized by the need to be in constant motion, including grinding of the teeth).

If you’re considering whether to get a dental implant, the Southlake-based DaVinci Dentistry team will take a detailed health history, including all medications you take. We want your dental implant placement to be successful, and we’ll do everything possible in efforts to achieve a positive outcome. Whether antidepressants or other concerns come to light, you’ll be a central part of the decision-making process in your care. Contact us at 817-251-9333. We are convenient to patients in Southlake, Keller, Grapevine, North Richland Hills and Hurst-Euless-Bedford.

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